James Ley, 1st Earl of Marlborough
(1552–1629)

Lord High Treasurer 
11th December 1624 - 15th July 1628.
Prime Minister in all but name
Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench in Ireland and then in England. On 31st December 1624, James I created him Baron Ley, of Ley in the County of Devon, and on 5 February 1626, Charles I created him Earl of Marlborough. From July 1628 until December 1628 he was Lord President of the Council. Both titles became extinct upon the death of the 4th Earl of Marlborough in 1679.


Richard Weston, 1st Earl of Portland
(1st March 1577 – 13th March 1635) 

Lord High Treasurer
15th July 1628 - 15th March 1635
Prime Minister in all but name
Chancellor of the Exchequer under James I and Charles I, being one of the most influential figures in the early years of Charles I's Personal Rule and the architect of many of the policies that enabled him to rule without raising taxes through Parliament.


Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset, Baron Buckhurst
(1536 – 19 April 1608)






Lord High Treasurer to Queen Elizabeth I
15th May 1599– 19th April 1608
Prime Minister in all but name
An English statesman, poet, cousin of Queen Elizabeth I (on her mother’s side) and removed cousin to Anne Boleyn. (His father was a first cousin of Anne, the second wife of Henry VIII. Thomas was buried in Westminster Abbey. Only four of his poems have survived and one of those was only very recently discovered.




The previous seven other 'First Lords of the Treasury', and
 significant earlier First Lord Treasurers and Lord HighTreasurers


Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax
(16th April 1661 – 19th May 1715) 
born at Horton, in Northamptonshire

Lord High Treasurer
(1st May 1697 - 15th November 1699)
The 1st  First Lord of the Treasury 
(13th October 1714 - 19th May 1715)
Prime Minister in all but name
He is described as both Premier and Prime Minister in Chambers Bigraphical Dictionary (1993 ed.p.652)


Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer 
(5th December 1661 – 21st May 1724)

Lord High Treasurer
(30th May 1711 - 30th July 1714)
Prime Minister in all but name
Harley was a British politician and statesman of the late Stuart and early Georgian periods. He began his career as a Whig, before defecting to a new Tory Ministry. Between 1711 and 1714 he served as First Lord of the Treasury, effectively Queen Anne's Chief Minister. His government agreed the Treaty of Utrecht with France, bringing an end to British involvment in the War of the Spanish Succession. He later fell from favour following the Hanoverian Succession and was for a time imprisoned in the Tower of London by his political enemies.


James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope
Viscount Stanhope of Mahon 
(c1673 – 5th February 1721)

The 4th First Lord of the Treasury
(12th April 1717 - 21st March 1718)
Prime Minister in all but name.


Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin 
(baptised at Breage on 15th June 1645 - 15th September 1712)

Four term Lord High Treasurer
  9th September 1684 - 16th February 1685 
15th November 1690 - 1st May 1697
  9th December 1700 - 30th December 1701
  8th May 1702 - 11th August 1710
Prime Minister in all but name
Godolphin was Lord High Treasurer during the first great 18th-century war against France and successfully financed the most costly military and naval operations undertaken by England to that time. This is his signature from 1704, the year he was Knighted. Another example is from Monday 26th June 1679.

Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh 
(27th October 1818 – 12th January 1887)

The 48th First Lord of the Treasury
(29th June 1885 - 1st February 1886)

known as Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt, from 1851 to 1885  British Conservative politician. He notably served as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1874 and 1880 and as Foreign Secretary between 1885 and 1886. When Lord Salisbury became prime minister he took the titles of Earl of Iddesleigh and Viscount St Cyres and was included in the cabinet as First Lord of the Treasury. In  Salisbury's 1886 ministry he became Foreign Secretary, but the arrangement was not a comfortable one, and his resignation had just been decided upon when on 12 January 1887 he died very suddenly at Lord Salisbury's official residence in 10 Downing Street.

William Henry Smith ll ("Old Morality" and "Pinafore Smith") 
(24th June 1825 – 6th October 1891)
Son of W.H Smith (1792-1865).

The 51st First Lord of the Treasury
(14th January 1887 - 6th October 1891)

Smith was also Financial Secretary to the Treasury, First Lord of the Admiralty, twice Secretary of State for War, Chief Secretary for Ireland and Leader of the House of Commons. 

In his clashes over War Office estimates with Lord Randolph Churchill at the Treasury‚ he was clear‚ adamant‚ and equable where Churchill was excitable and offensive. In the restructuring of the cabinet‚ following Churchill's resignation‚ Smith became First Lord of the Treasury and leader of the House of Commons in January 1887. Married to Emily Danvers Smith. See also W.H Smith (known colloquially as Smith's) a major British retailer.This is a letter addressed to the British Admiral of the Fleet, Sir Alfred Phillips Ryder (1820-1888) dated 10th January1887. (See also Ryder biography and obituary).The congratulatory reference would have been with regard to his promotion and enhanced political status. 
Godolphin biography
Godolphin biography
Stanhope biography
Stanhope biography
'Pynes' Exeter
'Pynes' Exeter
Hansard
Parliamentary speeches of
W. H. Smith


There is only one
 First Lord of the Treasury
missing from this collection
Charles Howard, 
3rd Earl of Carlisle 
Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex 
(1631 – 13th July 1683)

Lord High Treasurer 
(26th March 1679 - 21st November 1679)
Prime Minister in all but name
Essex was one of the ablest statesmen under Charles II. Fearing the prospect of a Catholic monarch, he became involved with attempts to exclude James, Duke of York from the succession and, more dangerously, with the schemes of the Duke of Monmouth. Betrayed and imprisoned in the Tower, he was found with his throat cut. Although his death was recorded as suicide, he was probably murdered. This is his signature from Monday 26th June 1679
Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester
(March 1641 – 2nd May 1711)

Two term Lord HighTreasurer
(21st November 1679 -9th September 1684, 16th February 1685 - 9th April 1689)
Prime Minster in all but name
This is his signature from Monday 26th June 1679 
FIRST TREASURY LORDS FROM THE 16th CENTURY

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk 1501–1524
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk 1524–1546
Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset 1547–1549
Sir William Paulet 1550–1572 sig pic
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (sometimes spelled Burleigh) 1572–1598


OUTSTANDING FIRST TREASURY LORDS FROM THE 17th CENTURY and EARLY 18th CENTURY

Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury sig pic
Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton (1st Lord) 
Thomas Egerton, 1st Lord Ellesmere (1st Lord) 
Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk (susp.1618) 
George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury, (1st Lord )
Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex (susp. April 25, 1624) 
William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury (First Lord) sig pic
Sir Edward Hyde, Lord Chancellor 
George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle (First Lord) (d.January 3, 1670) 
Thomas Clifford, 1st Lord Clifford of Chudleigh sig pic
John Belasyse, 1st Lord Belasyse (First Lord) sig pic
Charles Mordaunt, 1st Earl of Monmouth (First Lord) 
Sir John Lowther, bt. (First Lord) (a) sig pic (b) sig pic
Ford Grey, 1st Earl of Tankerville (First Lord) sig pic

Link
Sir Robert Walpole, The Earl of Orford
(26th August 1676 – 18th March 1745)

The 3rd  First Lord of the Treasury
(10th October 1715 - 12th April 1717) 
Prime Minister in all but name
The 6th  First Lord of the Treasury
(4th April 1721-11th February 1742) 
and the first  Treasury Lord to be ‘recognised’ as  British Prime Minister 


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See also
Chancellors
The English Bill of Rights 1689 & Act of Settlement 1701
The English Bill of Rights 1689 & Act of Settlement 1701
Full translation of the English Bill of Rights
1
3 & 6
4
48
51
Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland 
(c.1674–19th April 1722)

The 5th First Lord of the Treasury 
(21st March 1718 - 4th April 1721) 
Prime Minister in all but name.
His achievements are generally 'underplayed' by his own family. The Spencer family history
How Spencer is remembered in today's Althorp brochure
(page three)
5
Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury and 12th Earl of Shrewsbury
(24 July 1660 – 1 February 1718)

The LAST Lord High Treasurer
30th July 1714 - 12th October 1714
Prime Minister in all but name
Note:
Commonwealth (1649-60)
Restoration  (1660) 
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Signed on Saturday 29th March 1608,
 less than one month before his death.
   'This piece of paper is a real survivor'
by Richard Oliff. Published Date: 15 January 2010 
The Literary Works  of  Thomas Sackville
Francis Cottington, 1st Lord Cottington
(b ca.1579 - d.19th June 1652, in exile in Spain) 

Lord High Treasurer and Chancellor of the Exchequer
1643–1646
Prime Minister in all but name

William Juxon, Bishop of London, Archbishop of Caterbury 
(1582 – 4 June 1663)

Lord High Treasurer
1636–1641
Prime Minister in all but name
The last of the Clergy since 1126 to 'hold the purse'.
Juxon attended to King Charles 1st on the scaffold
The King then passed his George to Juxon and said, “Remember!”
07/07  22
Signed in Whitehall, London, Sunday 24th June 1640
For Henry Boyle 
see Chancellors (no.19)
A similar yet inferiour item was recently sold at auction for just under $2000 (right)
Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, Lord Wriothesley before 1624
(10th March 1607 – 16th May 1667)

Lord High Treasurer
(8th September 1660 - 16h May 1667)
Prime Minister in all but name

A 17th century English statesman, a staunch supporter of Charles II.who would rise to the position of Lord High Treasurer after the English Restoration. His term as treasurer began concurrently with the assumption of power by the Clarendon Ministry, but his death would precede Lord Clarendon's impeachment from the House of Commons, after which the Cabal Ministry took over government.
This is a note written on Monday 20th November 1662 from the 2nd Earl of Manchester and referred on to Sir Robert Long. 

Signed in May 1624
The British High Commissioners to the Treaty of Washington of 1871. 
Seated: L. to R.: Sir Stafford NorthcoteEarl de Grey & RiponSir Edward Thornton
Standing: L. to R.: Lord TenterdenSir John A. Macdonald (the first Prime Minister of Canada), and  English international lawyer Montague Bernard. 

(See Historical Signatures 4)
John Poulett, 1st Earl Poulett
4th Baron Poulett
(1663 – 28th May 1743)

Lord High Treasurer
(11th August 1710 - 30th May 1711)
Prime Minister in all but name
Poulett was the son of John Poulett, 3rd Baron Poulett and his wife Susan Herbert, daughter of Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke. On 14th April 1702, he married Bridget Bertie a granddaughter of the 2nd Earl of Lindsey. This is his signature from 2nd July 1722

Vellum Deed 
There are three VI-pence Revenue labels, no cypher stamps. Size: 23"X17" 
Sealed and Signed "Poulett". Signed as witnesses by  Bernard Hutchins and James Cobbert. Deed is in Fear Fine Condition: handwriting and signatures dark and clear; some light rubbing along folds. Usual soiling on the reverse of the deed. Scarce deed signed by a former  Lord High Treasurer and Lord Steward of England . Between The Right Honorable John Earl Poulett, Viscount and Baron of Henton St. George in Somerset County, Knight Companion of the Noble Order of the Garter of the one part and Joane Allway, Sandford Peverall, Devonshire, 1722 
Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, 1st Viscount Mandeville 
(c. 1563 – 7th November 1642) 

Lord High Treasurer
14th December 1620 - 29th September 1621
Prime Minister in all but name. 
He was the grandson of Sir Edward Montagu, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench 1539–1545, who was named by King Henry VIII one of the executors of his will, and governor to his son, Edward VI. Born at Boughton, Northamptonshire, about 1563, he was educated at Christ's College, Cambridge, and, having been called to the bar, was elected recorder of London in 1603, and in 1616 was made Chief Justice of the King's Bench, in which office it fell to him to pass sentence on Sir Walter Raleigh in October 1618.
See also Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester

Edward Littleton, 1st Lord Littleton
(1589 –  27th August 1645)

Lord High Treasurer 
21st May 1641 - 3rd October 1643
Prime Minister in all but name. 
A Chief Justice of North Wales. He was descended from the judge and legal scholar, Thomas de Littleton. His father, also Edward, had been Chief Justice of North Wales before him.

Littleton & Manchester
This is a very rare treasury receipt fragment, signed and dated 1642, during the English Civil War, bearing the signatures of three Lords of the Treasury  in addition to that of William Fiennes (W.Say & Seale):

William Edward Littleton: Lord High Treasurer 
Henry Montagu Earl of Manchester: Lord High Treasurer
Edward Barrett: Chancellor of the Exchequer

The document has been 'pasted' to another. To the rear, on inspection, there are various other signatures including, I suspect, that of Thomas Hales of Howlets 
Negative impression
An example of Smith's signature for sale at £350
Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle
(c.1669 – 1st May 1738)

Lord High Treasurer 
(30th December 1701– 8th May 1702)
The 2nd First Lord of the Treasury
(23rd May 1715 - 10th October 1715) 
Prime Minister in all but name
Acting Earl Marshal  (E.M) 1701-1706 because his cousin, the Duke of Norfolk, was a minor.
Signed in Whitehall, London, Sunday 24th June 1640
Signed on Thursday 13th September 1627
Alternative signature. Sometimes signed 'Robert Harley'
Subscribed "Exam[inatum] p[er] Halifax" as Auditor
He established the Bank of England, and was Auditor of the Receipt of the Exchequer 1698-1714
2
(Halifax Carlisle Walpole Stanhope Sunderland Northcote Smith)
Stanhope has written at the top 'Schedule of papers contained in number 16  marked by Secretary Stanhope'. He has then signed his full name at the bottom. It's unclear as to the 'hand' of the rest of the document.
Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds, Marquess of Carmarthen
 Viscount Latimer, Earl of Danby and Baron Osborne
(20th February 1632 – 26th July 1712)

Lord High Treasurer 
1673 -1679)
Prime Minister in all but name
An English statesman (commonly known as Lord Danby and Marquess of Carmarthen when he was a prominent political figure), served in a variety of offices under Kings Charles II and William III of England. He died at Easton Neston in Northamptonshire.  

.
This item was originally sold as lot 39 at auction by Mullock’s Ltd Specialist Auctioneers & Valuers, The Old Shippon, Wall under Heywood, Church Stretton, Shropshire, SY6 7DS on 04th of February 2014. Its guide price was £100-£200, with a final hammer price of £85. It was then sold by Sue and Ed Read, 35 Davenport Road, Witney, Oxford OX28 6EL, being bought by Richard Oliff on 15th February 2015 20.49 GMT. £72 plus £3 delivery.– ‘for secrit service which as yet unsatisfied...’ – Thomas Osborne Duke of Leeds treasury warrant dated May 15th 1674 signed ‘Latimer’ (as Viscount Latimer a title created for him by Charles II in 1673) ordering payment of £300 to Sir Stephen Fox ‘for secrit service which as yet unsatisfied...’ An interesting document. Fox who had fought with Charles II at the Second Battle of Worcester played an important role in the Restoration being the secret go-between for the King with Monck during his delicate negotiations in 1660.Clearly he continued with his secret service role well into the reign of the restored Monarch.
SIGNATURE EXAMPLE
See
 The Diary of Samuel Pepys
See
 The Diary of Samuel Pepys
See
 The Diary of Samuel Pepys
See
 The Diary of
 Samuel Pepys