Historical signatures (in no particular order) 
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John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, KB
(10th March 1696 – 26th January 1782)
He was educated at the university of Oxford, and after holding many highly important public offices, died at Holyrood House in his 86th year. He was twice married, and had three sons, who all predeceased him.



Sir Charles Wager (1666 – 1743)
A British Admiral and
First Lord of the Admiralty 
between 1733 and 1742
He was honoured by a tomb in Westminster Abbey

Queen Elizabeth II 
Duke of Lancaster, Duke of Normandy, Defender of the Faith
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
born 21st April 1926. Crowned Queen Elizabeth II, 2nd June 1953.





His Royal Highness, The Prince Philip Mountbatten 
Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich
(Philippos of Greece and Denmark)
Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten 
born 10th June 1921




















King George II
(George Augustus
in German Georg II August
10th November 1683–25th October 1760)
Queen Elizabeth's 5th Great-Grandfather
King George the Second, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, etc. In some cases (especially in treaties), the formula "Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire" was added before "etc.from 11 June 1727 until his death.


Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke
(1690-1764) 
Lord Chancellor (1737) (See the marriage act)
William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire
(1698-1755) Father of British Prime Minister, William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire
                   Father of Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord John Cavendish 
His signature is often mistakenly taken as being that of his son the PM. On the rignt is a signature comparison. The document from which this signature comes is dated 1739, when the 3rd Duke's son, the future PM, would have been only 19 years old and not yet an MP.
For William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire see Historical Signatures page 5
For William George Spencer Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire see Historical Signatures page2
For William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire see Historical signatures page 5
For Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire see bottom of 19th century Prime Ministers

George Bubb Dodington (The Mad Monk of Medmenham)
(1691– 28th July 1762)  English politician and nobleman.
Baron Melcombe of Melcombe-Regis. He is also known for his membership of Sir Francis Dashwood's Hellfire Club
William Clayton (Later Sundon)
Baron Sundon of Ardagh
A lord of the Treasury
(1671-1752)




John Wallop, 1st Earl of Portsmouth
(15th April 1690 – 22nd November 1762) 

The great-grandson of the regicide Robert Wallop, Wallop was born into an influential Hampshire family. He was returned as Member of Parliament for both Andover and Hampshire in 1715, choosing to sit for the latter. In 1717, he was appointed a junior Lord of the Treasury.

George Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax 
 (1684 – 9th May 1739) 
Auditor of the Exchequer: 1714 until his death
Privy Councillor: 27th November 1717
Lord Justice: 1720



Lord George Thynne, 2nd Baron Carteret of Hawnes
(23rd January 1770 -19th February 1838)
MP for Weobly (Herefordshire)
28th December 1790 - 31st October 1812 
Rt.Hon.Nathaniel Bond KC
(b1754 Isle of Purbeck– d1823  Fareham, Dorset)
His date of death is sometimes reported as 1806  MP for Corfe Castle, Kings Council, Judge Advocate & Vice President of the Board of Trade


Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool, Baron Hawkesbury of Hawkesbury
(26 April 1727 – 17 December 1808)
Lord of the Treasury in both the Grafton and North administrations.
Father of British Prime Minister Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool. English statesman. Eldest son of Colonel Charles Jenkinson (d. 1750) and grandson of Sir Robert Jenkinson, Bt, of Walcot, Oxfordshire, was born in Winchester. The family was descended from Anthony Jenkinson (d. 1611), sea-captain, merchant and traveller, the first Englishman to penetrate into Central Asia.
George Onslow
(13th September 1731-17th May 1814)
1st Earl of Onslow, Viscount Cranley PC
Treasury Commisioner in the Grafton administration

Basil Cochrane
(1701-1788)
Governor of the Isle of Man (1751-1761)
See also Index to Transcribed Atholl Papers. Longtime army officer. (aka. Commissioner Cochrane). 
Commissioner of Excise in Scotland (1761). Commissioner of Customs in Scotland (1764)
Son of William Cochrane of Ochiltree, and Mary Bruce. Brother of James Boswell's maternal grandmother, Euphemia (d. 1721), making Cochrane Boswell's grand-uncle. James Boswell breakfasted with Basil Cochrane on 30th October 1762, "a man of great common sense and prudence". The two had a fairly close relationship.

Pryse Campbell
(died on 14 December 1768)
Treasury Commisioner in the Grafton administration
Member of Parliament for Nairnshire. He was the son of John Campbell of Cawdor and Mary Pryse. He married Sarah Bacon, daughter of Sir Edmund Bacon, 6th Bt. and Mary Kemp, on 20 September 1752.. He lived at Stackpole Court, Pembrokeshire, Wales. Children of Pryse Campbell and Sarah Bacon: Sarah Campbell, Admiral Sir George Campbell d. 28 Jan 1821, John Campbell of Cawdor, 1st Baron Cawdor of Castlemartin b. c 1753, d. 1 Jun 1821 

George Clerk Maxwell Macdonnel
Edinburgh Customhouse. 18th century
See link

George Granville‚ Baron Lansdowne 
(9th March 1666 – 29th January 1735)
Jacobite Duke of Albemarle, Marquis Monck and Fitzhemmon, Earl of Bath, Viscount Bevil, and Baron Lansdown of Bideford 
politician, poet and writer
This is a treasury order‚ signed on 7th June 1712  by a First Lords of the Treasury, Robert Harley, the Earl of Oxford. The order was also signed  by Robert Benson‚ chancellor of the exchequer‚ ordering the payment of 171 pounds to George Lord Lansdowne (George Granville) for half a year’s rent of his park “which was laid into Her Majesty’s (Queen Anne) Great Parke at Windsor”‚ signed overleaf ‘Lansdowne’ on receipt. 14½ x 9 inches‚ complete‚ with the integral blank leaf tipped on to an old album page. It looks as if his signature had been witnessed by a John Evans.

John Berkeley, Lord Fitzharding  4th Viscount of Berehaven
(1650 - 1712) 
From 1694 Fitzharding was one of the four Tellers of the Exchequer.

Viscount Fitzhardinge is an extinct title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created on 14 July 1663 for Charles Berkeley, later Earl of Falmouth, with the subsidiary title of Baron Berkeley of Rathdowne, also in the Peerage of Ireland. It passed by special remainder to Charles' father, Charles, then to Maurice, elder brother of the first viscount, and then to their younger brother, John. The title became extinct on John's death in 1712, the year of this signature..

An affectionate note dated 18th April 1887 written on the back of a letter by W. H. Smith to Admiral Sir Alfred Phillips Ryder. It can't be in the hand of Ryder as his wife, Louisa Dawson (Ryder), had died in 1855, and their son, Edward Lisle Ryder had died in 1877..It is my belief that this letter had somehow found it's way back to Smith following the death of Ryder and that Smith had, because of the personal nature of it's content, given it to his wife Emily. 
Edinburgh Custom House 18th century
Edinburgh Custom House 18th century
Basil Cochrane & cartoon
Basil Cochrane & cartoon
Sir Edward Dering, 2nd Baronet
(8th or 12th November 1625 – 24th June 1684)

(NOTE: His last name is often miss spelled as Deering)
The Diary of Sir Edward Dering
The Diary of Samuel Pepys
Sir John Henry Lowther, 2nd Baronet
(23rd March 1793 – 23rd June 1868)
Lowther was a Tory MP and  the eldest son of Sir John Lowther, 1st Baronet, whom he succeeded on 11 May 1844. He represented Cockermouth 1816–1826, Wigtown Burghs 1826–1831, Cockermouth again 1831–1832, and York 1835–1847. He died unmarried, and was succeeded by his brother Charles Hugh Lowther. This is his signature from Christmas 1826

Lowther family
Lowther family
William Sherlock
(c. 1641 - June 1707)
Doctor of Divinity; Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral and Master of the Temples in London 
controversial figure and an English church leader. Sherlock was a staunch supporter of Church of England orthodoxy, who defended in print and in the pulpit, the Church of England against Catholicism and dissenters, often courting widespread controversy. He became Dean of Saint Paul's Cathedral in 1691 making way for his predecessor, John Tillotson, to become Archbishop of Canterbury. This is his signature from 24th June 1692.


The Hellfire Club
The Hellfire Club
Henry Vane
1st Earl of Darlington, 3rd Baron Barnard
 (c. 1705 – 6th March 1758)
A commissioner of the Treasury in the Newcastle administration 
Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne 
(born 7th July 1941)
Home Secretary 27th May 1993 – 2nd May 1997 
Secretary of State for Environment 11th April 1992 – 27th May 1993 
Secretary of State for Employment 3rd January 1990 – 11th April 1992
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer 2001 - 2003
Leader of the Conservative Party from November 2003 to December 2005 

John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute  (12th September 1847 – 9th October 1900)
His great-great-grandfather was Prime Minister John Stuart 3rd Earl of Bute (1713 - 1792) 

Whitton Place (Park), Middlesex  was built for the Duke 1725-6 and demolished around 1935. Whitton Dean was a house built for the Duke of Argyll's mistress  

George William Finch-Hatton
10th Earl of Winchilsea, 5th Earl of Nottingham 
(1791–1858) Born at Kirby HallGretton, Northamptonshire
The Earl Famously fought a duel with the Duke of Wellington
Note: Kings College London have published incorrect information on this matter. They say it was the 9th Earl that fought the duel: they are quite wrong. Just by checking the dates of birth and death should suffice. 'Handbags At Dawn'



George James Finch-Hatton
11th Earl of Winchilsea and 6th Earl of Nottingham (31st May 1815 – 9th June 1887)
Styled Viscount Maidstone between 1826 and 1857.
He was a British peer, Tory politician and writer see Voices Through Many Years

Kirby Hall New York Times 1910
Kirby Hall New York Times 1910
Wellington's letter of challenge
Wellington's letter of challenge
Brownlow Cecil
Lord Burghley, 2nd Marquess of Exeter 
(2nd July 1795 – 16th January 1867)
An envelope posted from Burghley House in Stamford on 8th February 1832 . 
History
History
Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, 1st and only Earl of Ilay 
Viscount and Earl of Hay
(June 1682 – 15th April 1761) 
Co-founder and first governor of the Royal Bank of Scotland
See also the National Galleries of Scotland

 Charles Spencer 
signs copies of his
 book  'Prince Rupert 
The Last Cavalier'
 at Hatchards
 Piccadilly, London 
14th June 2007 

George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer - Viscount Althorp from 1765 to 1783
(1st September 1758–10th November 1834)
Home Secretary
A British Whig politician. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents. 




John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer, Viscount Althorp
(30th May 1782-1st October 1845)
Chancellor of the Exchequer 













John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer 
(27th October 1835–13th August 1910)
Viscount Althorp from 1845 to 1857
The Red Earl



Edward John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer
(24th January 1924–29th March 1992)
Father of Diana, Princess of Wales
He was the son of Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer and Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix Hamilton, the daughter of James Albert Edward Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn. 



Frances Ruth (ne. Roche) Shand-Kydd  (formerly Viscountess Althorp) 
(20th January 1936 – 3rd June 2004)
She was the former wife of John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer.
Mother of Diana, Princess of Wales.
After two failed marriages and the deaths of two children, she devoted her later years to Roman Catholic charity work. Signed at Ladywell House in Fyfe.




Ruth Roche
Baroness Fermoy
(2nd October 1908 – 6th July 1993)
A great friend and confidante of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.
The maternal grandmother of Diana, Princess of Wales.



Raine (McCorquodale - Legge) Spencer, Dowager Countess Spencer
(born 9th September 1929)
Stepmother of Diana, Princess of Wales
Daughter of Dame Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland (see above)
She is a British socialite and politician. She is the daughter of the novelist, Barbara Cartland and Alexander McCorquodale. Aged 23, she became the youngest member of Westminster City Council. As the Honourable Mrs Gerald Legge; Viscountess Lewisham, the Countess of Dartmouth, Lady Lewisham, and later Lady Dartmouth, she remained in local government for the following 17 years.


Charles Edward Maurice Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer
(born 20th May 1964)
The second and only surviving son of John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer and Frances Burke Roche (later Frances Shand Kydd), The youngest of his three older sisters was Diana, Princess of Wales; the other two are Lady Sarah McCorquodale and Lady Jane Fellowes.


Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill (13th February 1849 – 24th January 1895) 
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Lord Randolph was the third son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough and his wife Frances Anne Emily Vane-Tempest.  He was the father of the future wartime Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Sir Winston Churchill, who wrote the first major biography of Lord Randolph. Resignation speech in the Commons. See also Smith and Northcote on this site. This is an envelope (4th December 1885) addressed to his mother, The Duchess of Marlborough, Lady  Frances Anne Emily Vane-Tempest (1822 – 1899), the only daughter of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry. Posted from the India Office.











Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill (née Hozier)
(1st April 1885 – 12th December 1977)
The wife of Sir Winston Churchill and a life peeress in her own right.



Winston Spencer-Churchill 
(born 10th October 1940)
Known as Winston Churchill
A retired British Conservative Party politician
Grandson of former Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.



The Lady Elizabeth Sarah Lavinia Spencer - McCorquodale
(born 19th March 1955)
The eldest daughter of John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer and 
the Honourable Frances Roche, and the older sister of Diana, Princess of Wales.






Walter Francis Montagu Douglas Scott
5th Duke of Buccleuch
7th Duke of Queensberry KG, PC
(25 November 1806 – 16 April 1884)
styled Earl of Dalkeith between 1812 and 1819, was a British politician and nobleman.




Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough
(24th January 1758 – 3rd February 1844)
Linked to the Spencer family of Althorp by his marriage to Henrietta ('Harriet') Spencer, daughter of John, 1st Earl Spencer



William Francis Spencer Ponsonby, 1st Baron de Mauley
(31st July 1787–16th May 1855) 
The youngest child of 3rd Earl of Bessborough (above)


George William Lyttelton, 4th Baron Lyttelton
(31st March 1817–19th April 1876)
A British aristocrat and Conservative politician.The eldest son of William Henry Lyttelton, 3rd Baron Lyttelton, and Lady Sarah Spencer, daughter of George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer. One of his daughters, Lavinia, married Edward Stuart Talbot, an Anglican bishop of Winchester. Lyttelton committed suicide at the age of 59 by throwing himself down the stairs at Hagley Hall.

The Spencer family tree
The Spencer family tree
Eulogy to
Princess Diana
by Earl Charles Spencer
My invitation and visit to Buckingham Palace  24th July 2008
For Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland, see Other 'First Lords of the Treasury', and significant earlier First Lord Treasurers and Lord HighTreasurers
For Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, see 20th Century Prime Ministers
The Queen's Christmas message 1970
The Queen's Christmas message 1970
A similar item signed only by Prince Philip was recently sold at auction. 
The differences mark them 
as being original signatures 
honi soit qui mal y pense
"shame on him
 who thinks ill of it"

The Queen wearing flares 
in front of the Royal Yacht Britannia
 taken on a tour in the 1970s & two photo's from 1970


Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill 9th Duke of Marlborough, 
(13th November 1871 – 30th June 1934)   He was a first cousin of Winston Churchill.





John Albert William Spencer-Churchill, 10th Duke of Marlborough
(18th September 1897 – 11th March 1972)
The elder son of Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough and his first wife, the former Consuelo Vanderbilt, the American railroad heiress. Before inheriting the dukedom in 1934 he was a Lt. Colonel in the Life Guards. He was Mayor of Woodstock from 1937 to 1942.

John George Vanderbilt Henry Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough
(born 13th April 1926)
The son of Lt.-Col. John Spencer-Churchill, 10th Duke of Marlborough and his wife, Hon. Alexandra Mary Hilda Cadogan. His principal seat is Blenheim Palace, in Woodstock, Oxfordshire. He is also a relation of The Duke of Devonshire and generational cousin of the war-time Conservative Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill. He is also a distant relative of Diana, Princess of Wales. This envelope has also been signed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Roy Jenkins.


John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll 
(6th August 1845 – 2th May 1914),  Marquess of Lorne, by which he was known before 1900
Governor General of Canada from 1878 to 1883. 
He is now remembered primarily for the place names bestowed on Canadian geography in honour of his wife, for his metrical paraphrase of Psalm 121, "Unto the hills around do I lift up" and for the frequency with which the name "Lorne" is given to male children in Canada, a custom uncommon elsewhere
Churchill's grave
The 3rd Earl Spencer
with friends from a picture by Richard Ansdell 1843
Line of succession
The Crown Jewels
Hon. George Spencer (1799-1864)
Son of the 2nd Earl Spencer
(Great-great-great uncle of Diana, Princess of Wales)
He converted from Anglicanism to the Roman Catholic Church and entered the Passionist Order in 1841 and spent his life working for the conversion of England to the Catholic faith. He is also known as Father Ignatius of St Paul,and the 'Apostle of Prayer for England'. This is a letter dated 16th December 1834, one month following the death of his father, the 2nd Earl.


In March 2007, the Church announced that the first stage of Father Ignatius’ cause for beatification had been completed and that all the necessary documents had been forwarded to Rome. The next step in this process would be a declaration from the Holy See that Father Ignatius could be styled ‘Venerable’.


Charles Sackville
(6th February 1711 - 5th January 1769) 
2nd Duke of Dorset
Lord Buckhurst from 1711 to 1720
Earl of Middlesex from 1720 to 1765
See Henry Pelham, Prime Minister

Phillips Gybbon
11th October 1678-12th March 1762)
Of Hole Park, Rolvenden, in Kent
An English Member of Parliament and a Lord of the Treasury.

Sir Henry Vane (Harry Vane)
(1613 – 14th June 1662)
Son of Henry Vane (the Elder).
He was a leading Parliamentarian during the English Civil War. Vane served on the Council of State during the Interregnum, but refused to take the oath which expressed approval of the king's execution. At the Restoration in 1660, after much debate in Parliament, he was exempted from the Indemnity and Oblivion Act.
In 1662, he was tried for high treason, found guilty, and beheaded on Tower Hill.
Hutton-in-the-Forest & the Vane family

Signed in Whitehall, London, Sunday 24th June 1640
Sir Henry Vane the Youngerby William Faithorneline engraving, published 1662: the year of his execution
Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten
1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Admiral of the Fleet & the last British viceroy of India  
(25th June 1900 – 27th August 1979) 
great-grandson of Queen Victoria and uncle of
Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery
1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
"Monty"
(17th November 1887  – 24th March 1976)
DICKIE & MONTY
Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester, Viscount Mandeville, Baron Montagu of Kimbolton 
(1602 – 5th May 1671)
His father was Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, a Lord Chief Justice & Lord High Treasurer
For a time Oliver Cromwell's superior. and the son of a First Lord who had been born at  Boughton, Northamptonshire, and a step brother of another First Lord, Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax. Edward was an important commander of Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War.
This is a note written on Monday 20th November 1662 to the 4th Earl of Southampton.
For Sir Robert Long (referred to in this document) see Chancellors


Sarah, Duchess of York (née Sarah Margaret Ferguson, born 15th October 1959), is a charity patron, spokesperson, writer, film producer, television personality and former member of the British Royal Family. She was married to Queen Elizabeth II's second son, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, from 1986 to 1996.
An ancestor of Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire


Spencer letter 1st May 1995
"Something of the night about him" 
Ann Widdecombe
Michael Howard's hand written notes during his live interview with Richard Oliff
Queen Alexandrina Victoria
(24 May 1819 – 22nd January 1901)
Defender of the Faith, Empress of India.
Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20th June 1837, and the first Empress of India of the British Raj from 1st May 1876, until her death. Her reign as the Queen lasted 63 years and 7 months, longer than that of any other British monarch before or since, and her reign is the longest of any female monarch in history. The time of her reign is known as the Victorian era, a period of industrial, political, scientific and military progress within the United Kingdom.

King George V. George Frederick Ernest Albert
(3rd June 1865 – 20th January 1936)
King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 through the First World War (1914–1918) until his death in 1936. George was the first British monarch of the House of Windsor, which he created from the British branch of the German House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
In the world of celebrities, one landmark case put before the Press Complaints Commision was in 1995 when Lady Victoria Spencer was depicted in the News of the World leaving a clinic for eating disorders; her husband complained and the paper was forced to apologise.
Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu
(24th December 1638 – 9th March 1709)
An English courtier and diplomat.
His signature appears at the bottom of this document that has also been signed by First Lord Charles Montague, Stephen Fox, Commisioner of the Treasury and father of Henry and Paternal grandfather of  Charles James Fox, and Chancellor John Smith.

Home
Their daughter
 Patricia
Joseph Rudyard Kipling 
(30th December 1865 – 18th January 1936)
British author and poet. 
Known for his works of fiction such as The Jungle Book (1894), a collection of stories which includes Rikki-Tikki-TaviKim (1901) A Tale of Adventure, many short stories, including The Man Who Would Be King (1888) Humorous Tales (1931).; and his poems, including Mandalay (1890), Gunga Din (1890) and If— (1910).   He is regarded as a major "innovator in the art of the short story"


Two similar items
 recently sold at auction
King Edward VIII
(Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David) 
23rd June 1894 – 28th May 1972 
King of the United Kingdom and the British dominions, and Emperor of India from 20 January 1936 until his abdication on 11 December 1936.
Later The Duke of Windsor

Wallis, Duchess of Windsor
(Bessie Wallis Warfield - Spencer - Simpson
19th June 1896 – 24th April 1986)
An American socialite who married, as her third husband, Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor, formerly King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom.

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Philip took an anglicized version of his mother's name (Battenberg) Mountbatten, when he became a British citizen in 1947
Queen Elizabeth with Princess Anne and Louis & Philip
Mountbatten. 1977
Raine Spencer with her mother  - Barbara Cartland
John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess of Bute
(10th August 1793 – 18th March 1848) 
His great grandfather was Prime Minister
John Stuart 3rd Earl of Bute (1713 - 1792)
Their signature's bare remarkable resemblance  
He was the creator of modern Cardiff in Wales, building Cardiff Docks.


The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales 
(Charles Philip Arthur George)
(born 14 November 1948) 
The eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
 Since 1952, he has been heir apparent to the throne

.Anne, Princess Royal (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise)
(born 15 August 1950)
The only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II
and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Edwina Cynthia Annette Mountbatten   (and Dickie) Countess Mountbatten of Burma
Mountbatten's nickname among family and friends was "Dickie," notable in that "Richard" was not among his given names. This was because his great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, suggested the nickname of "Nicky", however it got mixed up with the many Nickys of the Russian Imperial Family ("Nicky" was particularly used to refer to Nicholas II, the last Tsar) so they changed it to Dickie.
I was at 3727 W. King Edward Ave. Vancouver when I heard of his death in 1979
Here is a short note signed by Princess Ann giving her 'seal of approval' to an event for Victim Support
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich
(3rd November 1718 – 30th April 1792)
He succeeded his grandfather, the 3rd Earl, in 1729, at the age of ten. During his life he held various military and political offices (such as Postmaster General and First Lord of the Admiralty), but is perhaps most renowned for the claim to have originated the modern concept of the sandwich. He is also known for his membership of Sir Francis Dashwood's Hellfire Club
For   Sir Francis Dashwood see Chancellors of the Exchequer
Siegfried Loraine Sassoon CBE MC
(8th September 1886 – 1st September 1967)
An English poet and author whose friends included Robert Graves (with whom he served), Thomas Hardy, H G Wells and T E Lawrence (of Arabia). He became known as a writer of satirical anti-war verse during World War I. He later won acclaim for his prose work, notably Memoirs of an Infantry Officer, a fictionalised account of his own life, a novel first published in 1930. His only child, George,had three children, two of whom were killed in a car crash in 1996.



Kendall Sassoon with
 writer & broadcaster
 Richard Oliff

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, 5th and LAST Earl of Sunderland, after which it became a subsidiary title
(22nd November 1706 – 20th October 1758)
See also Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland 
In 1734 he left Althorp, and with him went the Sunderland title. His younger brother, John Spencer, inherited the house and became the 1st Earl Spencer.


George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough
(26th January 1739 – 29th January 1817)
Known as Marquess of Blandford until succeeding his father in 1758. His siblings were Charles, Diana, and Elizabeth. He was educated at Eton, and in 1755 entered the Coldstream Guards as an Ensign, becoming a Captain with the 20th Regiment of Foot in the following year. 




George Spencer-Churchill, 5th Duke of Marlborough 
(6 March 1766 – 5 March 1840)
The son of George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough. For most of his life he was known by his father's secondary title of Marquess of Blandford.

Dame Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland
(9th July 1901 – 21st May 2000)
Mother of Raine Spencer, Dowager Countess Spencer (born 9th September 1929) Stepmother of Diana, Princess of Wales.
A successful English author, known for her numerous romance novels. She also became one of the United Kingdom's most popular media personalities, appearing often at public events and on television, dressed in her trademark pink and discoursing on love, health and social issues. Other than her fictional romance books, she also wrote health and cookery books, and stage plays and recorded an album of love songs. She was often billed as the Queen of Romance. This is her signature on a letter to BBC Radio Nottingham in 1990: pink ink of course!
On the right is a similar item 
sold at auction for £651
Second Stanhope/Sunderland ministry (1718-1721)
20 March 1718 
Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland (First Lord)
John Aislabie (Chancellor of the Exchequer)
John Wallop
George Baillie
William Clayton
11 June 1720 
Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland (First Lord)
John Aislabie
George Baillie
Sir Charles Turner
Richard Edgcumbe
General John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu
(1688-1749)
Master General of the Ordnance
in 1745 he raised a cavalry regiment known as 
Montagu's Carabineers, which was disbanded after the Battle of Culloden.
Linked to the Churchill-Spencer family
Spencer family history
Envelope written 
and signed 24th July 1836
Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
(16th September 1678 – 12th December 1751)
An English politician and philosopher. He identified predominantly with the Tory faction, of which he was a prominent member for many years.

A Christmas card signed by
Prince Charles. December 1996
A similar letter can be seen in the Museum of the Royal Inniskillen Fusiliers in Inniskillen: sent to Private Frank Borrell, a stretcher bearer in France, taken prisoner in 1917.
 The Queen's Prime Ministers.
Vice-Admiral Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer 
(14th April 1798 – 27th December 1857)
A British peer, the son of George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer and the younger brother and successor of John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer.
The Reverend William Nelson, 1st Earl Nelson (of Trafalgar and of Merton) 1805–1835 Viscount Merton (of Trafalgar and of Merton) 1805–1835
Baron Nelson (of the Nile and of Hillborough) 1805–1835
2nd Duke of Bronté (in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies) 1805–1835
(20th April 1757–28th February 1835)
The elder brother of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté
King William IV 
William Henry - The Prince William, 1st Duke of Clarence and St Andrews
(21st August 1765 – 20th June 1837)
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover from 26th June 1830. William, the third son of George III and younger brother and successor to George IV, was the last king and penultimate monarch of the House of Hanover.
Adelaide Louise Theresa Caroline Amelia
Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Queen Adelaide
13th August 1792 – 2nd December 1849) 
A queen consort of the United Kingdom and of Hanover.
Wife and Queen of William IV of the United Kingdom
The Australian city of Adelaide is named after her.
Vice Admiral Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy, 1st Baronet
(5th April 1769 – 20th September 1839) 
Flag Captain to Admiral Lord Nelson, and commanded HMS Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar.
Nelson was shot as he paced the decks with Hardy, and as he lay dying, Nelson's famous remark of "Kiss me, Hardy" was directed at him (although these were not Nelson's last words, as is sometimes claimed: Last words to Hardy: "God bless you Hardy". Last words recorded: "Thank God I have done my duty".). Hardy went on to reach the apex of the naval service, becoming First Naval Lord at the Admiralty in November 1830 and reaching the rank of Vice Admiral of the Blue in January 1837.

Admiral Maurice Frederick FitzHardinge Berkeley, 1st Baron FitzHardinge of Bristol
(3rd January 1788 – 17th October 1867)
A former Royal Navy First Sea Lord and former First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria. He held the office of Fourth Naval Lord, a Lord of the Admiralty, between 1833 and 1834. and once again between 1837 and 1839. He held the office of Naval Aide-de-Camp to HM Queen Victoria between 1846 and 1849 whilst also being the Third Naval Lord between 1846 and 1852 during which time he was promoted to the rank of Rear-Admiral. He was the First Naval Lord for several different periods between 1852 and 1857. He reached the ranks of Vice-Admiral of the Red in 1856, Admiral of the Blue in 1862.
He reached the highest rank in the Royal Navy, Admiral of the White, in 1863.

Signed on 2nd June 1803
Hansard
Robert Brudenell, 6th Earl of Cardigan
(born 25 April 1760 at Westminster
 died 14 August 1837 at Marylebone) 
This is a letter dated 28th October 1833
posted from Deene Park, Corby (Wansford)

Lieutenant General James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan
(16th October 1797 – 28th March 1868)
Commanded the Light Brigade of the British Army during the Crimean War.
He led the Charge of the Light Brigade
(Wednesday 25th October 1854)  at the Battle of Balaclava.
"The Charge of the Light Brigade" 
is an 1854 narrative poem by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
"The Last of the Light Brigade" is a poem written in 1891 by Rudyard Kipling
Member of Parliament for Fowey 1830–1832. 'Fowey' written on reverse.
An envelope signed 'Brudenell' Monday 24th October 1831

A small wooden desk box which has been made from the original timber and copper sheathing of H.M.S. Victory. Originally owned by Captain Robert Floyd This is a ‘vintage’ item and was not issued as part of the bicentenary.
Ronald, Heroic War Horse
 of the Charge of the Light Brigade
The reverse contains the address of the Earl of Euston, Selcey Forest, Northampton
Buy similar for £345
 (not part of this collection)
A very rare 'duplicated' letter. Sadly. often taken as original.
See Oliff editorial published 25th June 2010
William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele
(28th June 1582 – 14th April 1662)
Privy Councillor and Master of the Court of Wards

Fiennes was born at the family home of Broughton Castle near Banbury, in Oxfordshire. He was the only son of Richard Fiennes, seventh Baron Saye and Sele. During the personal rule of Charles I, his energies found a new outlet in helping to colonize Providence Island, and in interesting himself in other and similar enterprises in America. Saybrook in Connecticut is named after him. He was a thorough aristocrat, and his ideas for the government of colonies in America included the establishment of an hereditary aristocracy. Many leading puritans (including John Pym) who were members of the Providence Island Company met with Fiennes at Broughton Castle to coordinate their opposition to the King. On several occasions Saye outwitted the advisers of Charles I by his strict compliance with legal forms earning him the nickname "old subtlety".

Although Saye resisted the levy of ship money, he accompanied Charles on his march against the Scots in 1639; but, with only one other peer, he refused to take the oath binding him to fight for the king "to the utmost of my power and hazard of my life". Then Charles I sought to win his favour by making him a Privy Councillor and Master of the Court of Wards

This is a very rare treasury receipt fragment, signed and dated 1642, during the English Civil War, bearing the signatures of three Lords of the Treasury in addition to that of William Fiennes (W.Say & Seale):

William Edward Littleton: Lord High Treasurer 
Henry Montagu Earl of Manchester: Lord High Treasurer
Edward Barrett: Chancellor of the Exchequer

The document has been 'pasted' to another. To the rear, on inspection, there are various other signatures including, I suspect Thomas Hales of Howlets 

Signed 'FREE' Spencer
Short biography of William Nelson
Thomas Hardy
(2nd June 1840 – 11th January 1928)
One of my two favorite English novelists and poet
While his works typically belong to the naturalist movement, several poems display elements of the previous romantic and enlightenment periods of literature, such as his fascination with the supernatural. While he regarded himself primarily as a poet who composed novels mainly for financial gain, during his lifetime he was much better known for his novels, such as Tess of the d'Urbervilles and Far from the Madding Crowd, which earned him a reputation as a great novelist. The bulk of his fictional works, initially published as serials in magazines, were set in the semi-fictional land of Wessex (based on the Dorchester region where he grew up) and explored tragic characters struggling against their passions and social circumstances. Hardy's poetry, first published in his fifties, has come to be as well-regarded as his novels and has had a significant influence over modern English poetry, especially after The Movement poets of the 1950s and 1960s cited Hardy as a major figure.

Lionel Cranfield Sackville
(1688-1763) 
1st Duke of Dorset
See details and authorisation of his pension via Royal Warrant of King George ll left
Signed GEORGE
Prince of Wales
9th November 1901
-6th May 1910
Front Row from Left to Right The Right Reverand Graeme Knowles Dean of St Pauls Cathedral, Mrs Anna Tribe Great Great Great Granddaughter of Admiral Nelson Major General Jeff Mason MBE Royal Marines, Captain Windsor, Back Row Royal Marine Bandsmen, POC Ben Chandler and Mr Peter Warwick chair of the 1805 Club.

Anna Tribe (nee Somerset)
born in 1929
A direct descendant of Admiral Lord Nelson being the great, great, great granddaughter of Nelson and Lady Hamilton, his mistress.

A letter posted from Hinchingbrooke House, Huntigdon, Friday 27th August 1790
Sandwich obituary
Countersigned by his brother
 John Charles Spencer
 3rd Earl Spencer, Viscount Althorp
Horatio Nelson, 3rd Earl Nelson
(7th August 1823 – 25th February 1913) 
British politician. He was the son of Thomas Bolton (a nephew of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson) by his wife Frances Elizabeth Eyre. On 28th February 1835 his father inherited the title Earl Nelson from William Nelson, 1st Earl Nelson (above) and adopted the surname of Nelson. He died on 1st November that year, and his son Horatio succeeded to the title and the estate, Trafalgar House in Wiltshire.

A classic case of auctioneer
 and buyers getting things so spectacularly wrong
The Right Reverend  the Lord Bishop of Oxford
                     Woolavington, Graffham, Petworth
West Sussex
  8th August 1849
Historical Signatures 2
Samuel Wilberforce 
Bishop of Oxford 
Charles Cecil Cope Jenkinson
3rd (and last) Earl of Liverpool
(29th May 1784 – 3rd October 1851)
British politician.

THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH, THE DUKE OF BEDFORD AND ROBERT BUTCHER
THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH, THE DUKE OF BEDFORD AND ROBERT BUTCHER
Comparison signatures between a Prime Minister and his father the 3rd Duke of Devonshire. The two are often, understandably, confused.

See British History Online
See British History Online
George Wingrove Cooke
(1814 – 18th June 1865)
British lawyer and historian. His Memoirs of Lord Bolingbroke, was written whilst Cooke was an undergraduate. This is a letter sent to another writer, Octavian Blewitt
Henry St John 4th Viscount Bolingbroke
(6th March 1786-1st October 1851)

Another example of the Queen's handwriting and comparative auction price
The genuine signature of Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson - his right-handed signature befor the loss of his arm
The Queens signature on a royal appointment 8th August 1952.
 Henry Prail Bauser
 (my cousin's maternal grandfather)
 Second Lieutenant, Home Guard
Two similar items for sale.
 Not part of this collection 
Hardy's signature in a little Victorian autograph book
Charles John Huffam Dickens 
7th February 1812 – 9th June 1870)
One of my two favorite English novelists
The most popular English writer of the Victorian era, and he remains popular, responsible for some of English literature's most iconic characters
A most rare and original example of the autograph signature of Charles Dickens on an envelope addressed to his friend the actress Fanny Kelly . The letter this envelope contained would have been written from Tavistock House. During this period Dickens was involved in several charity performances in which he consulted her. see also the Royalty Theatre. Bleak House,his ninth novel, was published in twenty monthly installments between March 1852 and September 1853. "Shake me up Judy!"
Charles Dickens signature Tuesday 19th April 1853
Charles Dickens signature Tuesday 19th April 1853
Frances Maria Kelly
The first adhesive postage stamp was issued in the United Kingdom in 1840, which means its safe to assume that Charles Dickens licked this 'penny red'. it is also possible to extract DNA from the saliva on the back of a postage stamp.

Rockingham Castle was a popular haunt of Charles Dickens who spent many a summer there, regularly 'performing' in the long gallery. The Castle is the inspiration for Chesney Wold in Bleak House

Variations of Kipling's signature
A similar inferior item on offer for sale by Frasers Autographs PLC for  £2,239
A similar Hardy signature
 for sale at £395
Xmas Sandringham 1958
A Christmas gift from the Queen. Sandringham 1958
Sandringham
 Xmas 1958
see Ruth Fermoy
 below
A gift from the Queen Xmas 1958
A note from the Devonshire collection
 at Chatsworth confirming the signature of the 3rd Duke
My invitation and visit to Buckingham Palace  24th July 2008
Subscribed "Exam[inatum] p[er] Halifax" as Auditor


Signature qualification
William Henry Edgcumbe
4th Earl of Mount Edgcumbe GCVO, PC
 (5 November 1833 – 25 September 1917)
Styled Viscount Valletort between 1839 and 1861.
A British courtier and Conservative politician.Edcumbe was the son of Ernest Edgcumbe, 3rd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, and Caroline Augusta, daughter of Rear-Admiral Charles Feilding
The Prince William (William Augustus)
Duke of Cumberland
26th April 1721 – 31st October 1765)
He fought the decisive Battle of Culloden.
"Butcher Cumberland" was a taunt used for political purposes in England

King George III
 (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820)
King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two predecessors he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover.
Price examples for similar  item at £919, and another for £528
The Grand Old Duke Of York
The Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
 (Frederick Augustus; 16th August 1763 – 5th January 1827)
Frederick was the second eldest child and second son of King George III of the United Kingdom and a member of the House of Hanover. From the death of his father in 1820 until his own death in 1827, he was the heir presumptive to his elder brother, King George IV, both to the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Hanover.
A note written to "My Dear Frederick, your most affectionate Father" dated 12th January 1781 and probably despatched to Hanover where Frederick, the Duke of York, would have been staying at that time . The previous 4th November (1780) the King had decided that his second son would pursue an army career and had him gazetted colonel.  
Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex
(27th January 1773 – 21st April 1843), was the sixth son of George III of the United Kingdom and his consort, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He was the only surviving son of George III who did not pursue an army or naval career.The King created him Duke of Sussex, Earl of Inverness, and Baron Arklow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and a Knight of the Garter on 27th November 1801. Since he had no legitimate issue, the title became extinct on his death in 1843. In 1815 The Duke became a Patron of the Jews' Hospital and Orphan Asylum, later to become the charity known today as Norwood. Royal patronage continued, with Queen Elizabeth II eventually becoming Norwood’s patron.the other signature as 'Augustus F' This is his elaborate flourishes and dots signature dated 4th March 1834 
On the right is the Duke's more orthodox signature as 'Sussex' on an envelope dated 7th November 1841 to James William Freshfield, Moor Place, Dorking, Surrey.
Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Nicknamed "The Black Duke"
 (9th October 1771 – 16th June 1815)
A German prince and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Oels, who was also a military officer who led the Black Brunswickers against French domination in Germany. He briefly ruled the state of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1806 to 1807 and again from 1813 to 1815.
The Princess Sophia
 (Sophia Matilda; 3rd November 1777 – 27th May 1848)
The 12th child and 5th daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
 Sophia is perhaps best known for the whispers surrounding a supposed illegitimate child to which she gave birth as a young woman. During her lifetime, there were various rumours about her alleged incestuous relationship with her brother, Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, who later became the King of Hanover.The Prince Regent supposedly warned his sisters not to be alone in the same room with the Duke, and Cumberland was deeply unpopular with the British people. It is unclear whether there was truth to these rumours or whether they were circulated by the Duke's numerous political enemies.
This is an unsigned note in her hand addressed to Mr. William Bridge.

Another envelope dated 7th Semptember 1839 addressed to Mr. Cotterell, Glynde, Lewes, East Sussex
The 'Queen's Cottage' at Kew
King George IV
(George Augustus Frederick; 12 August 1762 – 26 June 1830)
King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover following the death of his father, George III, on 29th January 1820, until his own death ten years later. From 1811 until his accession, he served as Prince Regent during his father's final mental illness. George IV led an extravagant lifestyle that contributed to the fashions of the Regency era. He was a patron of new forms of leisure, style and taste. He commissioned John Nash to build the Royal Pavilion in Brighton and remodel Buckingham Palace, and Sir Jeffry Wyattville to rebuild Windsor Castle. He was instrumental in the foundation of the National Gallery and King's College London. His charm and culture earned him the title "the first gentleman of England", but his poor relationship with both his father and his wife, Caroline of Brunswick, and his dissolute way of life, earned him the contempt of the people and dimmed the prestige of the monarchy. He even forbade Caroline to attend his coronation and introduced the unpopular Pains and Penalties Bill in a desperate, unsuccessful attempt to divorce her.
©oliffcollection unpublished Very rare unpublished family photographs. King’s camp Monday 7 August 1939. King George VI with Queen Elizabeth with Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret at the King's public schoolboys and industrial lad's camp, held in the grounds of Abergeldie Castle, within walking distance of Balmoral Castle.
©oliffcollection unpublished
©oliffcollection unpublished
Left: Very rare unpublished family photographs. King’s camp Monday 7 August 1939. King George VI with Queen Elizabeth with Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret at the King's public schoolboys and industrial lad's camp, held in the grounds of Abergeldie Castle, within walking distance of Balmoral Castle.
Pathe News shot. One of two 'snappers' on the left took our pictures
Another example of another 6th Cardigan signed free front only. Not part of this collection
See
 The Diary of Samuel Pepys
Hilda Margaret Grenfell OBE
(13 January 1886-10 June 1972)
The daughter of General Rt. Hon. Sir Neville Gerald Lyttelton and Katherine Sarah Wortley. She married Lt.-Col. Arthur Morton Grenfell, son of Pascoe du Pré Grenfell and Sophia Grenfell, on 23 February 1909. She was Vice-President of World's Y.M.C.A. She was appointed Officer, Order of the British Empire (O.B.E.) 
Kendall Elizabeth Grant Reeves-Sassoon
(born 21st December 1960 - 6am at Westminster Hospital)
Daughter of scientist, electronic engineer, linguist, translator and author.George Thornycroft Sassoon (30th October 1936 – 8th March 2006) and Marguerite Stephanie Fergusson Munro. Kendall is the only surviving grand child and one of only three (herself and her two children) blood relatives of the celebrated English poet and author Siegfried Loraine Sassoon (8th September 1886 – 1st September 1967). Her half sister Isobel Hannah Sassoon (1976–1996) and half brother Thomas Thornycroft Sassoon(1978–1996) were both killed in a road accident in Mendip, Somerset. She lives in Leicestershire with her Partner of 25 years Stewart Bernard Peter Reeves (b. 4th November 1959). Together they have had two children: Oliver Thornycroft Reeves-Sasson (b.31st January 1988), Logan Thea Reeves-Sassoon (b.9th March 1994).
1814 Free Front signed WINCHILSEA 9th Earl FAMOUS EARLY, CRICKETER
1814 Free Front signed Winchilsea
posted from Colnbrook, Friday 30 Sept. 1814
to 'Deedes',  Willingale, Ongar, Essex.
NB. There was once a John Deedes, rector of Lagenhoe and Willingale Doe, Ongar, Essex
Grand Cricket Match played in Lord's Ground Mary-le-bone, on June 20 & following day between the Earl's of Winchelsea & Darnley for 1000 Guineas
George Finch
9th Earl of Winchilsea KG PC FRS
(4 November 1752 – 2 August 1826)
A very important figure in the history of cricket.
His main contributions to the game were patronage and organisation but Winchilsea, an amateur, was also a very keen player. George Finch served with the 87th Foot at the time of the American Revolutionary War from its formation in 1779 to its disbanding in 1783, with the temporary rank of major and lieutenant-colonel.
An example of a very similar piece sold at Christies for £540 in 2006
Sir Albert Abdullah David Sassoon
1st Baronet, KCB, CSI
 (25 July 1818 – 24 October 1896)
British Indian businessman and philanthropist.
Variations ofKipling's signature