(77th) Archbishop of Canterbury
(1582 – 4th June 1663) signed "Guil: London"
on 24th June 1640 as the Bishop of London
Prime Minister in all but name
The last of the Clergy since 1126 to 'hold the purse'.
The King then passed his George to Juxon and said, “Remember!”
(83rd) Archbishop of Canterbury
John Potter (c. 1674 – 10th October 1747)
This is Potter's signature from 1739 (following debate in Parliament the previous year) on a very rare document granting £4,000 for the completion of Westminster Abbey. This was the money to pay for the western towers which were the last addition to the building. (Finished in 1745)
(84th) Archbishop of Canterbury
(1693 – 23rd March 1757)
His signature on the right is from
his time as Bishop of Bangor 1737 - 43
(89th) Archbishop of Canterbury
(17th February 1755 – 21st July 1828)
Father of the Speaker of the House
1st Viscount Canterbury
He crowned King George lV
(90th) Archbishop of Canterbury
He crowned King William lV
He crowned Queen Victoria
(91st) Archbishop of Canterbury
John Bird Sumner
(1780 – 6 September 1862)
(92nd) Archbishop of Canterbury
Charles Thomas Longley
(28th July 1794 – 27th October 1868)
An envelope addressed to publishers Routledge, Warne, and Routledge, Broadway, Ludgate Hill, London.
(93rd) Archbishop of Canterbury
Archibald Campbell Tait
(21st December 1811 – 3rd December 1882)
One of these signatures is on a mourning postal cover addressed to the Prime Minister, William E. Gladstone. Intact sealing wax seal of the Archbishop of Canterbury on the reverse. See also and also
Marsh, Peter Timothy. 'The primate and the prime minister : Archbishop Tait, Gladstone, and the national Church'. Victorian Studies, 9:2 (1965), 113-40. Publisher: Indiana University Press. ISSN 00425222. ISSN (electronic) 15272052.
(94th) Archbishop of Canterbury
Edward White Benson
(14th July 1829 – 11th October 1896)
Archbishop of Canterbury from 1882 until his death.
(95th) Archbishop of Canterbury
(30 November 1821 – 23 December 1902)
He crowned King Edward Vll
(96th) Archbishop of Canturbury
Randall Thomas Davidson
1st Baron Davidson of Lambeth
(7th April 1848 – 25th May 1930)
The first Archbishop to retire
14th January 1903 - 12th November 1928
He crowned King George V
(97th) Archbishop of Canterbury
William Cosmo Gordon Lang
(31 October 1864 – 5 December 1945)
He crowned King George Vl
(98th) Archbishop of Canterbury
Signed as the Archbishop of York
(15th October 1881–26th October 1944)
(99th) Archbishop of Canterbury
Geoffrey Francis Fisher
Baron Fisher of Lambeth
(5th May 1887 – 15th September 1972)
He crowned Queen Elizabeth ll
(100th) Archbishop of Canturbury
Arthur Michael Ramsey
Baron Ramsey of Canterbury
(14th November 1904 – 23rd April 1988)
(101st) Archbishop of Canterbury
Frederick Donald Coggan
(9th October 1909 – 17th May 2000)
Signed when Archbishop of York - 'Ebor'
(102nd) Archbishop of Canterbury
Robert Alexander Kennedy Runcie
(2nd October 1921 – 11th July 2000)
He married Dianna and Prince Charles
(103rd) Archbishop of Canterbury
George Leonard Carey
Baron Carey of Clifton
(born 13 November 1935)
The Archbishop of Canterbury is ranked above all individuals in the realm, with the exception of the Sovereign and members of the Royal Family. Immediately below him is the Lord Chancellor and then the Archbishop of York. Four Archbishops have served as Treasury First Lords: Prime Minister in all but name. Roger Walden, George Abbot, William Laud and William Juxon.
The Archbishop of Canterbury and the Archbishop of York are both styled as "The Most Reverend"; retired archbishops are styled as "The Right Reverend".
Archbishops are, by convention, appointed to the Privy Council and may, therefore, also use "The Right Honourable" for life (unless they are later removed from the council). In formal documents, the Archbishop of Canterbury is referred to as "The Most Reverend Father in God, Forenames, by Divine Providence Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of All England and Metropolitan". In debates in the House of Lords, the archbishop is referred to as "The Most Reverend Primate, the Archbishop of Canterbury". "The Right Honourable" is not used in either instance. He may also be formally addressed as "Your Grace" - or, more often these days, simply as "Archbishop" or "Father".
The Archbishop of Canterbury's official London residence is Lambeth Palace. The surname of the Archbishop of Canterbury is not always used in formal documents; often only the first name and see are mentioned. The archbishop is legally entitled to sign his name as "Cantuar" (from the Latin for Canterbury). The right to use only a title as a legal signature is only permitted to bishops, Peers of the Realm and peers by courtesy. The current Archbishop of Canterbury usually signs as "+ Rowan Cantuar".
The Archbishop of Canterbury's official residence in London is Lambeth Palace. Until the 19th century there were also major residences at Croydon Palace and Addington Palace. At one time there was also a palace in Maidstone in Kent, now called the Archbishop's Palace. There are ruins of another former palace at Otford in Kent.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the chief bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury, the see that churches must be in communion with in order to be a part of the Anglican Communion.
The current archbishop is the Most Reverend Justin Welby is the 105th in a line that goes back more than 1400 years to St Augustine of Canterbury, who founded the oldest see in England in the year 597.
From the time of St Augustine until the 16th century, the Archbishops of Canterbury were in full communion with the See of Rome and thus received the pallium. During the English Reformation the church broke away from the authority of the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church, at first temporarily and later more permanently. Since then they have been outside of the succession of the Roman Catholic Church's hierarchy and have led the independent national church.
In the Middle Ages there was considerable variation in the nomination of the Archbishop of Canterbury and other bishops. At various times the choice was made by the canons of Canterbury Cathedral, the King of England, or the Pope. Since the English Reformation, the Church of England has been more explicitly a state church and the choice is legally that of the British crown; today it is made in the name of the Sovereign by the Prime Minister, from a shortlist of two selected by an ad hoc committee called the Crown
Addington Palace in Croydon was built in the 1770s as Addington Place, replacing the earlier manor house of the same name, home of the Leigh family. In 1807 an Act of Parliament purchased the mansion and estate for the use of the Archbishops of Canterbury. Six archbishops lived at Addington Palace, five of them being buried in St Mary's churchyard, Addington. It has been a golf club since about 1930.