British 19th century Prime Ministers Bottom of page
& First Lords of the Treasury


22nd First Lord of the Treasury
17th British Prime Minister 1801-1804 (Tory)
Henry Addington, Viscount Sidmouth
(30th May 1757 – 15th February 1844) 
Signed 2nd June 1803

24th First Lord of the Treasury
19th British Prime Minister 1806 – 1807 (Whig)
William Wyndham, Lord Grenville
(25th October 1759 – 12th January 1834)

26th First Lord of the Treasury
21st British Prime Minister 1809-1812 (Tory) 
Spencer Perceval
(1st November 1762 – 11th May 1812) 
The only British Prime Minister in history to have been assassinated.
 See John Bellingham and 'Forget JFK, this was on our own doorstep'

27th First Lord of the Treasury
22nd British Prime Minister 1812-1827 (Tory) 
Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool 
(7th June 1770 – 4th December 1828) 


28th First Lord of the Treasury
23rd British Prime Minister 1827 for 100 days (Tory) 
George Canning
(11th April 1770 – 8th August 1827) 

29th First Lord of the Treasury
24th British Prime Minister 1827 – 1828  (Tory) 
Frederick John Robinson, Viscount Goderich, Earl of Ripon
(1st November 1782 – 28th January 1859)
The Earl of Ripon is how one book (Britain's Prime Ministers - Ellis/Treasure 2005 - p 108), refers to him. 
The ‘Iron Duke’ 
30th First Lord of the Treasury
25th & 28th British Prime Minister 1828-1830 (Tory) 
Arthur Wellesley,  The Duke of Wellington
(c.1st May 1769 – 14th September 1852)
See also Winchilsea (with whom he fought a duel!) and his connection with Northamptonshire

31st First Lord of the Treasury
26th British Prime Minister 1830-1834 (Whig)
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
known as Viscount Howick between 1806 and 1807 (Anyone for tea?) (13th March 1764 – 17th July 1845)
BBC part 10
32nd & 34th First Lord of the Treasury
27th & 30thBritish Prime Minister 1834, 1835-1839, 1839-1841 (Whig)
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
(15th March 1779 – 24th November 1848)
A favorite of Queen Victoria 

33rd & 35th First Lord of the Treasury
29th & 31st British Prime Minister 1834-1835, 1841-1846 (Conservative)
Sir Robert Peel, 2nd Baronet
(5th February 1788 – 2nd July 1850)
His immage appears on the Beatles
'Seargeant Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band'
BBC part 3

36th & 42nd First Lord of the Treasury
32nd & 38th British Prime Minister 1846-1852, 1865-1866 (Whig and Liberal)
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell
(18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878) 
An envelope addressed to Gordon Kemball of 6 Chester PlaceHyde Park, London

37th, 40th & 43rd First Lord of the Treasury
33rd, 36th & 39th British Prime Minister 1852, 1858-1859, 1866-1868 (Conservative)
Edward George Geoffrey Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
(29th March 1799 – 23rd October 1869)
This is a 'mourning' envelope addressed to Coutts & co.(Bankers) The Strand, London

38th First Lord of the Treasury
34th British Prime Minister 1852-1855 (Peelite and Whig)
George Hamilton Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
(28th January 1784–14th December 1860), 
  
39th & 41st First Lord of the Treasury
35th & 37th British Prime Minister 1855-1858, 1859-1865 (Whig and Liberal)
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
(20th October 1784 – 18th October 1865)
BBC part 4

44th & 46th First Lord of the Treasury
40th & 42nd British Prime Minister 1868, 1874-1880 (Conservative)
Benjamin Disraeli, (born Benjamin D'Israeli) Earl of Beaconsfield
(21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881)
An envelope addressed to the Earl of Abergavenny, Eridge Castle, Tunbridge Wells.
It was Disraeli who, it is said, went there for the venison and strawberries.
BBC part 5 The similar piece on the right was recently sold.
 
45th, 47th,49th & 53rd First Lord of the Treasury
41st, 43rd, 45th & 47th British Prime Minister 1868-1874, 1880-1885, 1866, 1892-1894 (Liberal)
William Ewart Gladstone
(29th December 1809 – 19th May 1898)
An envelope addressed to the Dean of Rochester Cathedral
BBC part 11


50th First Lord of the Treasury
44th, 46th & 49th British Prime Minister 1885, 1886-1892, 1895-1902 (Conservative)
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquis of Salisbury
(3rd February 1830 – 22nd August 1903)
known as  Viscount Cranborne from 1865 until 1868
He chose not to live at 10 Downing Street, remaining at his home in Hatfield instead. He was also the only Premier to serve as Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary simultaneously which left a gap for First Lord during his second administration. 
(See Stafford Henry Northcote and W. H. Smith).

54th First Lord of the Treasury
48th British Prime Minister 1894 – 1895. (Liberal)
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery
(7th May 1847 – 21st May 1929)
Son of Archibald Primrose, Lord Dalmeny
More information

51st First Lord of the Treasury
William Henry Smith ll ("Old Morality"
(24th June 1825 – 6th October 1891)
Son of W.H Smith (1792-1865).
 Smith was First Lord of the Admiralty, twice Secretary of State for War, Leader of the House of Commons and later (during Salisbury's second administration) First Lord of the Treasury , among other posts.
In his clashes over War Office estimates with Lord Randolph Churchill at the Treasury‚ he was clear‚ adamant‚ and equable where Churchill was excitable and offensive. In the restructuring of the cabinet‚ following Churchill's resignation‚ Smith became First Lord of the Treasury and leader of the House of Commons in January 1887. Married to Emily Danvers Smith. See also W.H Smith (known colloquially as Smith's) a major British retailer.This is a letter addressed to the British Admiral of the Fleet, Sir Alfred Phillips Ryder (1820-1888) dated 10th January1887. (See also Ryder biography).The congratulatory reference would have been with regard to his promotion and enhanced political status. Wikipedia

Hansard
Parliamentary speeches of
 W. H. Smith
48th First Lord of the Treasury
Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh 
(27th October 1818 – 12th January 1887)
known as Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt, from 1851 to 1885  British Conservative politician. He notably served as Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1874 and 1880 and as Foreign Secretary between 1885 and 1886. When Lord Salisbury became prime minister he took the titles of Earl of Iddesleigh and Viscount St Cyres and was included in the cabinet as First Lord of the Treasury. In  Salisbury's 1886 ministry he became Foreign Secretary, but the arrangement was not a comfortable one, and his resignation had just been decided upon when on 12 January 1887 he died very suddenly at Lord Salisbury's official residence in 10 Downing Street. See also link



This is an envelope addressed to 
Mr. Woodfall of 25 Vincent Square, London
dated 29th May 1825
See Ministry of all the talents
This is an envelpoe addressed to
Captain Zachary Mudge
H.M.S. Valliant, Portsmouth August 1814
This is an envelope addressed to the Duke of Richmond, Cavendish Square, London

Another envelope addressed to 
Sir John Richardson of 1 Pike's Row, Edinburgh
This is an envelope addressed to professor
George Pryme,  Political economist and Lecturer on political economy at Cambridge University.
Whig M.P. for Cambridge 1832–41. 

Left. A note to His Royal Highness, The Prince Albert.
Right. A similar item recently offered for sale at £459
This is an envelope addressed to the Revenue
A letter to the University Press, Cambridge, U.S.A
An envelope addressed to
Mrs. Henry Wynch, Pett Rectory, Hastings. (see Pett). Now the home of the Secretary of the Pett Level Naturalists Society 
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For Lord Randolph Churchill see Historical Signatures
Chancellors of the Exchequer
The lobby in the Lords 1886
Price
 comparisons
My collection of 'Autographs of distinguished members 
of the House of Lords and House of Commons - February - 1886'
                                                   8th Duke of Devonshire, 
                                                   the Marquiss of Hartington
W.H. Smith                                  Richard Assheton Cross
Thomas Brassey                          George Otto Trevelyan
Charles Forster                             Henry James
Henry Campbell-Bannerman       Lyon Playfair
Arnold Morley                               George Hamilton
                                                   Joseph Gillis Biggar
                                                   Arthur O'Connor                    

The lobby in the Lords 1886
Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry
(18th June 1769 – 12th August 1822)







Known to history as Lord Castlereagh.
Irish and British statesman. As British Foreign Secretary, from 1812 he was central to the management of the coalition that defeated Napoleon and was the principal British diplomat at the Congress of Vienna. Castlereagh was also leader of the British House of Commons in the Liverpool government from 1812 until his death by suicide in August 1822. Early in his career, as Chief Secretary for Ireland, he was involved in putting down the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and was instrumental in securing the passage of the controversial Irish Act of Union of 1800. He had once challenged Canning to a duel, which Canning accepted. Canning had never before fired a pistol. The duel was fought on 21st September 1809. Canning missed but Castlereagh wounded his opponent in the thigh. There was much outrage that two cabinet ministers had resorted to such a method, and they both felt compelled to resign from the government. Six months later, Canning published a full account of his actions in the affair, and many who had initially rallied to him became convinced Castlereagh had been betrayed by his cabinet colleague.

 Despite his contributions to the defeat of Napoleon and restoration of peace, Castlereagh became extremely unpopular at home. He was attacked for his construction of a peace that gave a free hand to reactionary governments on the Continent to suppress dissent. He was also condemned for his association with repressive measures of the Home Secretary, Lord Sidmouth (the former Prime Minister Addington). As Leader of the House of Commons for the Liverpool Government, he was often called upon to defend government policy in the House. He had to support the widely reviled measures taken by Sidmouth and the others, including the infamous Six Acts, in order to remain in cabinet and continue his diplomatic work. For these reasons, Castlereagh appears with other members of Lord Liverpool's Cabinet in Shelley's poem 'The Masque of Anarchy', which was inspired by, and heavily critical of, the Peterloo massacre. See also Oliff's Life

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To J. Backhouse Esq. Foreign Office
Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville 
(12th October 1773 – 8th January 1846)
A British Whig statesman and diplomat.
 It was with him that Bellingham
 had issue & assasinated the PM
An example of Salisburys
 signature recently sold for just under £500
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VERY RARE SIGNATURE
An envelope signed RIPON three times, addressed to 'My Lord Bishop' Charles Thomas Longley, (28th July 1794 – 27th October 1868),  at the Palace,Ripon, Yorkshire, Longley served as Bishop of Ripon (1836-1856), Bishop of Durham, Archbishop of York, and later as Archbishop of Canterbury


Another example for price comparison.
£1,485.  NOT part of this collection
'Dear Sir, xxxx very regretfully I find myself unable to comply with your request as it would xxxx with the xxxx and xxx of a multitude of lists and xxxx which are always
xxx to xxx me xxx in xxx. Yours faithfully
                                                         W.G May 17: 1897'                                                       (exactly one year before his death)
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Addressed to Harriet ArbuthnotWoodford House
Woodford, Kettering, Northamptonshire NN14. Thursday 16th September 1819
Salisburys private secretary at this time was
Sir Schomberg Kerr McDonnell (1861–1915)
5th son of the 5th Earl of Antrim 
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The Duke of Wellington on his  82nd birthday with the Queen in 1851 & his  death mask from a year later
Daguerreotype


A meeting of the Council of the Government of Great Britain to discuss the 'Armenian Question'

Rare signature as Viscount Cranborne sometime during his first term as Secretary of State for India 1866-7
Spencer Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire
LETTER FROM 94 PICCADILLY
LETTER FROM 94 PICCADILLY
94 PICCADILLY
An example of price being achieved for a 'Melbourne' item